Botanist's Glossary

Lemon Tree - Citrus limon

  • Description
    • The lemon tree (Rutaceae family) is a small tree that grows to a height of 3 to 10 meters. It has evergreen, ovate leaves and very fragrant white blossoms. The rind of the lemon is bitter and aromatic, while the pulp has a pleasant tangy flavor.
  • Traditions
    • Since the beginning of the Christian era, lemon has been regarded as having good antivenin properties. It was used from the Early Middle Ages as an antipyretic, a heart tonic, and to prevent epidemics: people would wear a slice of lemon studded with cloves. Later, lemon was used with cabbage to prevent and treat scurvy. True "lemonade" (lemon juice mixed with water) has a refreshing and invigorating effect. It is recommended for people who are suffering from flu or recovering from illness.
  • Properties
    • Lemon essence is obtained by cold expression of the zest. Very aromatic, it has an antiseptic, astringent and seboregulating action, which purifies combination to oily skins. The citric acid and vitamin C contained in lemon extract confer lightening and softening properties. The skin remains smooth and the complexion is brightened.