Botanist's Glossary

Lavandin - Lavandula hybrida

  • Description
    • Lavandin is a natural hybrid of true lavender and spike lavender. It is found in the area common to both species, at an altitude of around 600-700 meters. This hybrid was selected in the early 20th century and used to produce numerous productive varieties. Lavandin is a hybrid that is usually sterile and must be propagated by cuttings. It is a plant with thick flower spikes, much more robust than true lavender. Lavandin fields are filled with undulating rows of lavandin, all in the same violet shade. France is the world's biggest producer of lavandin essential oil.
  • Traditions
    • Lavandin cultivation developed in Provence from the 1930's. As this variety could grow at lower altitudes than true lavender, its cultivation increased considerably in the second half of the century. Lavandin yields a much higher amount of essential oil than true lavender. However, the essential oil is less "fine" and more camphorous. Several varieties have been chosen for different industrial uses: grosso, abrial, super.
  • Properties
    • Lavandin essential oil, obtained by distillation of the flowers, is rich in linalyl acetate. It is therefore endowed with soothing and sedative properties. It also has softening, refreshing, toning and antiseptic qualities. In perfumery, it is used for its penetrating, sweet and camphorous scent.

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