Botanist's Glossary

Mulberry - Morus kagayamae

  • Description
    • The mulberry tree (Moraceae family) is native to China, Japan and Korea. Its large deciduous leaves are similar to those of the plane tree - hence the alternative name of "plane mulberry". Fertile varieties produce small red fruits that become black when they reach maturity and can be eaten. This tree is frequently planted in urban areas, where it provides dense shade.
  • Traditions
    • The mulberry is an excellent shading tree, with its widespread branches and dense foliage of beautifully green leaves. In Asia, mulberry leaves are used to feed silk worms. Mulberry berries, and particularly the large, juicy mulberries of the black mulberry fruit tree, are used to make delicious cordials and jams.
  • Properties
    • Active ingredients with vasoconstrictive and soothing properties are extracted from the roots of the mulberry tree. These molecules are also involved in the inhibition of tyrosinase, an enzyme that produces a dark pigment: melanin. These extracts therefore form part of the composition of lightening products.