Botanist's Glossary

Olive Tree - Olea europaea

  • Description
    • The cultivated olive tree (Oleaceae family) grows to a height of 8 to 10 meters. It has a twisted trunk and silvery evergreen leaves and grows from a rootstock that can survive for over 2,000 years. This cultivated tree is the one that is most typical of the Mediterranean climate. The olive fruits are green at first, becoming black when they are fully mature. They are cured in brine to remove their bitter taste and make them edible. Mature olives are pressed to extract their oil.
  • Traditions
    • The olive tree is a symbol of Mediterranean civilizations. It stands for longevity, prosperity and peace. Olive oil was used in religious ointments and burned in temples. For a long time, it was the beauty secret of women from the south of France, who used it to nourish and soften their skin. From ancient to modern times, women have also used olive oil on their hair to keep it soft and silky.
  • Properties
    • Olive tree leaf extracts, thanks to their sugar content, hold in moisture and provide the skin with optimized, long-lasting hydration. Olive water is a natural and protective extract that enhances skin radiance, thanks to its high polyphenol and potassium content. Olive oil, rich in Vitamin E, nourishes and softens the skin.